A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Many people may also have symptoms like nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light or sound. Migraines are a common condition affecting up to 20% of women and 6% of men. Dukes pharmacy in Muswell hilll offers online Doctor Service for Migraine Treatment.
In the blog post, we will look at various types of migraine, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
NHS video on migraine
There are several types of migraine, including:
Some people have migraines frequently, up to several times a week. Other people only have a migraine occasionally. It’s possible for years to pass between migraine attacks.
The exact cause of migraines is not yet known, although they’re thought to be the result of temporary changes in the chemicals, nerves and blood vessels in the brain.
Around half of all people who experience migraines also have a close relative with the condition, suggesting that genes may play a role.
Some people find migraine attacks are associated with certain triggers, which can include:
Read more about the causes of migraines.
A number of treatments are available to help reduce the symptoms.
Migraine relief medications are safe and effective and can help treat the causes as well as the symptoms of migraines.
During an attack, many people find that sleeping or lying in a darkened room can also help.
Read more about treating migraines.
If you suspect a specific trigger is causing your migraines, such as stress or a certain type of food, avoiding this trigger may help reduce your risk of experiencing migraines.
It may also help to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, sleep and meals, as well as ensuring you stay well hydrated and limiting your intake of caffeine and alcohol.
If your migraines are severe or you’ve tried avoiding possible triggers and are still experiencing symptoms, your GP may prescribe medication to help prevent further attacks.
Medications used to prevent migraines include the anti-seizure medication topiramate and a medication called propranolol that’s usually used to treat high blood pressure. It may take several weeks before your migraine symptoms begin to improve.
Read more about preventing migraines.